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| ||Common Routes of Administration: |
A needle inserted into a peripheral site, commonly the hand or arm.
This type of access is used for short-term therapies. Document Link:
Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) Line:
A line inserted peripherally that extends to the central vascular
system near the heart. Placement usually requires X-ray confirmation. A
PICC line is used for long-term therapies or irritating drugs. Document Link:
Central Venous Catheter (Central Line):
A line placed directly into the central vasculature near the heart.
Central lines allow for administration of highly concentrated or
irritating medications. Central Lines are surgically inserted and
“tunneled” under the skin. Document Link:
A central catheter with the “bubble” access device implanted under the
skin. A port-a-cath is utilized in cases where the patient requires
long-term therapy. The catheter is accessed via a special non-coring
needle commonly referred to as a Huber Needle. Document Link:
Administration of medication directly under the skin either
intermittently or by continuous infusion. Common medications given
subcutaneously are insulin, heparin, and pain medications.
Intramuscularly: Injection of medication directly into a muscle. Common sites of injection are the arm, hip, and buttock region.
Clave Positive Pressure Flushing Technique:Document Link:
Sorbaview Shield: Videos
A syringe is used to administer medications in the muscle. Also many
medications may be given intravenously “Push” via a syringe. The
medication is diluted and injected slowly into the intravenous line.
Infusion Flow Device: (Dial-a-flow): IV tubing containing a device that can be “dialed” to a specific infusion rate.
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Elastomeric Infusion Device:
Portable infusion “ball” used primarily for antibiotic infusions. The
device can be placed in the patient’s pocket or carrying pouch and
allows for the continuation of the normal daily activities. Document Link:
|Vista Basic Pump: Stationary infusion device attached to a pole used for non-ambulatory patients or large volumes for administration. Manual Link:|
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| ||Acclaim Infusion Pump: Stationary infusion device attached to a pole used for non-ambulatory patients or large volumes for administration. Document Link: |
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| ||Cadd Infusion Pump: Ambulatory lightweight pump used for infusion of chemotherapy, antibiotics, nutrition, and pain medication. |
(PCA) patient controlled analgesia delivery mode:
(TPN) total parenteral nutrition delivery mode:
(CONTIN) continuous delivery mode:
(INTERMT) intermittent delivery mode:
Types of Infusion Therapy
A therapeutic course of antibiotics given by injection to treat an
infection that does not respond to oral antibiotics or for which oral
antibiotics are not an option. Depending on the antibiotic chosen, the
injection may be given intramuscularly (into a muscle) or intravenously
(into a vein). |
* Urinary Tract Infections
* Skin and Wound Infections
* Blood Infections (Sepsis)
Treatment by chemicals that work to destroy cancer cells. Most cancer
regimens require numerous medications. Bristol Home Infusion works with
your oncologist to provide ambulatory infusions of common
Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN):
Administration of nutrition via a central or peripheral line. TPN
consists of amino acids, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals for
patients who are unable to digest or absorb oral nutrition.
* Crohn's Disease
* Ulcerative Colitis
* Inflammatory Bowel
Administration of narcotic analgesics to control chronic or acute pain.
Routes of administration may be subcutaneous, intravenous, or epidural.
Hydration: Administration of fluids and electrolytes intravenously due to dehydration.