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Infusion Therapy

infusion-therapy-iv-bristol-home-infusion Common Routes of Administration:
Peripheral line: A needle inserted into a peripheral site, commonly the hand or arm. This type of access is used for short-term therapies. Document Link:

Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) Line: A line inserted peripherally that extends to the central vascular system near the heart. Placement usually requires X-ray confirmation. A PICC line is used for long-term therapies or irritating drugs. Document Link:

Central Venous Catheter (Central Line): A line placed directly into the central vasculature near the heart. Central lines allow for administration of highly concentrated or irritating medications. Central Lines are surgically inserted and “tunneled” under the skin. Document Link:

Port-a-cath: A central catheter with the “bubble” access device implanted under the skin. A port-a-cath is utilized in cases where the patient requires long-term therapy. The catheter is accessed via a special non-coring needle commonly referred to as a Huber Needle. Document Link:

Subcutaneous: Administration of medication directly under the skin either intermittently or by continuous infusion. Common medications given subcutaneously are insulin, heparin, and pain medications.

Intramuscularly: Injection of medication directly into a muscle. Common sites of injection are the arm, hip, and buttock region.

Clave Positive Pressure Flushing Technique:Document Link:

Infusion Devices

Syringe: A syringe is used to administer medications in the muscle. Also many medications may be given intravenously “Push” via a syringe. The medication is diluted and injected slowly into the intravenous line.

Infusion Flow Device: (Dial-a-flow): IV tubing containing a device that can be “dialed” to a specific infusion rate.

 

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Elastomeric Infusion Device: Portable infusion “ball” used primarily for antibiotic infusions. The device can be placed in the patient’s pocket or carrying pouch and allows for the continuation of the normal daily activities. Document Link:
   
acclaim-infusion-pump Acclaim Infusion Pump: Stationary infusion device attached to a pole used for non-ambulatory patients or large volumes for administration. Document Link:
   
cadd-infusion-pump Cadd Infusion Pump: Ambulatory lightweight pump used for infusion of chemotherapy, antibiotics, nutrition, and pain medication.
(PCA) patient controlled analgesia delivery mode:
(
TPN) total parenteral nutrition delivery mode:
(CONTIN)
continuous delivery mode:
(INTERMT) intermittent delivery mode:
 

Types of Infusion Therapy

Anti-Infective Therapy: A therapeutic course of antibiotics given by injection to treat an infection that does not respond to oral antibiotics or for which oral antibiotics are not an option. Depending on the antibiotic chosen, the injection may be given intramuscularly (into a muscle) or intravenously (into a vein).

Common diagnoses:
* Pneumonia
* Osteomyelitis
* Urinary Tract Infections
* Skin and Wound Infections
* Blood Infections (Sepsis)

Chemotherapy: Treatment by chemicals that work to destroy cancer cells. Most cancer regimens require numerous medications. Bristol Home Infusion works with your oncologist to provide ambulatory infusions of common chemotherapeutic agents.

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN): Administration of nutrition via a central or peripheral line. TPN consists of amino acids, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals for patients who are unable to digest or absorb oral nutrition.

Common diagnoses:
* Cancer
* Crohn's Disease
* Ulcerative Colitis
* Inflammatory Bowel

Pain Management: Administration of narcotic analgesics to control chronic or acute pain. Routes of administration may be subcutaneous, intravenous, or epidural.

Hydration: Administration of fluids and electrolytes intravenously due to dehydration.

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